Expression and Purification of a Novel Computationally Designed Antigen for Simultaneously Detection of HTLV-1 and HBV Antibodies

 

Hafez HeydariZarnagh, MehrdadRavanshad, Ali Akbar Pourfatollah, Mohammad JavadRasaee

Iranian Journal of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology, 2015;14(2):168-78.

Computational tools are reliable alternatives to laborious work in chimeric protein design. In this study, a chimeric antigen was designed using computational techniques for simultaneous detection of anti-HTLV-I and anti-HBV in infected sera.

Databases were searched for amino acid sequences of HBV/HLV-I diagnostic antigens. The immunodominant fragments were selected based on propensity scales. The diagnostic antigen was designed using these fragments. Secondary and tertiary structures were predicted and the B-cell epitopes were mapped on the surface of built model. The synthetic DNA coding antigen was sub-cloned into pGS21a expression vector.

SDS-PAGE analysis showed that glutathione fused antigen was highly expressed in E. coli BL21 (DE3) cells. The recombinant antigen was purified by nickel affinity chromatography. ELISA results showed that soluble antigen could specifically react with the HTLV-I and HBV infected sera.

This specific antigen could be used as suitable agent for antibody-antigen based screening tests and can help clinicians in order to perform quick and precise screening of the HBV and HTLV-I infections.

Keywords: Blood screening; Computational analysis; HBV; HTLV-I; Transfusion