Application of hairpin DNA-based biosensors with various signal amplification strategies in clinical diagnosis

Abolhasan R, Mehdizadeh A, Rashidi MR, Aghebati-Maleki L, Yousefi M

Biosens Bioelectron. 2019 Mar 15;129:164-174. doi: 10.1016/j.bios.2019.01.008.

Biosensors have been commonly used in biomedical diagnostic tools in recent years, because of a wide range of application, such as point-of-care monitoring of treatment and disease progression, drug discovery, commonly use food control, environmental monitoring and biomedical research. Additionally, development of DNA biosensors has been increased enormously over the past few years as confirmed by the large number of scientific publications in this field. A wide range of techniques can be used for the development of DNA biosensors, such as DNA nano-machines and various signal amplification strategies. This article selectively reviews the recent advances in DNA base biosensors with various signal amplification strategies for detection of cancer DNA and microRNA, infectious microorganisms, and toxic metal ions.